Overview Of Casa Buonarroti

Casa Buonarroti is a fascinating museum located in Florence, Italy, dedicated to the life and works of the renowned artist Michelangelo Buonarroti. Housed in the former residence of the Buonarroti family, the museum provides visitors with a captivating journey into the artistic genius of Michelangelo.


The museum showcases an impressive collection of Michelangelo's artworks, including sculptures, drawings, architectural designs, and personal belongings. It offers a comprehensive overview of his artistic development, allowing visitors to witness the evolution of his style and techniques. The exhibitions provide valuable insights into the life and influences that shaped Michelangelo's remarkable career. Beyond the artworks, Casa Buonarroti also presents a glimpse into the personal life of the Buonarroti family. The preserved rooms and interiors create an authentic atmosphere, giving visitors a sense of the historical context in which Michelangelo lived.


Guided tours are available for a deeper understanding of the artworks and the history of the house. The museum also features a café and gift shop, providing opportunities to relax, shop for unique souvenirs, and delve further into the world of Michelangelo. Casa Buonarroti is a must-visit destination for art enthusiasts, history lovers, and anyone seeking to explore the extraordinary legacy of Michelangelo Buonarroti.


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Michelangelo’s Works In Casa Buonarroti

Madonna Della Scala
Madonna Della Scala

The Madonna of the Stairs, also known as Madonna della scala, was first mentioned in the Giunti edition of Giorgio Vasari's Lives in 1568. It was revealed that the artwork had been recently donated by Leonardo Buonarroti to Duke Cosimo I, who esteemed it as unique. Prior to this donation, it is likely that the artwork remained in Michelangelo's house on Via Ghibellina. In 1616, it was returned to Michelangelo the Younger by Grand Duke Cosimo II as recognition for his efforts in glorifying his great forefather. Recent restoration work uncovered chiselling on the back of the marble tablet, possibly indicating the removal of a Medici seal. Vasari noted the connection between the Madonna of the Stairs and Donatello's work, highlighting Michelangelo's personal and intense relationship with Donatello. Despite its small size, the artwork exudes a monumental presence, with the female figure dominating the relief. The significance of the stairs and the children depicted remains ambiguous, with interpretations suggesting a pall. This early work portrays a distant mother, expressing a painful idea of motherhood that hinders a loving bond with her child. The date of the relief is debated, but the consensus leans towards around 1490, predating the Battle of the Centaurs.


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Battle Of The Centaurs
Battle Of The Centaurs

The earliest mention of the Battle of the Centaurs can be found in a letter written in 1527 by Giovanni Borromeo, the agent of the Gonzaga family in Florence. The letter was addressed to Federico, marquis of Mantua, who desired to acquire a Michelangelo artwork at any cost. It describes a marble picture of nude figures engaged in combat, measuring one and a half ells on each side. The work was started upon the request of Lorenzo the Magnificent, but remained unfinished. Ascanio Condivi's Vita di Michelagnolo Buonarroti, published in 1553, highlights Michelangelo's appreciation for this early masterpiece. The Battle of the Centaurs is associated with Lorenzo the Magnificent, and it has always been in the possession of the Buonarroti family. The subject and intention of the artwork remain the subject of ongoing debate, with Michelangelo's focus seemingly on conveying strength and action rather than illustrating a specific mythological episode. The relief was left incomplete, possibly due to Lorenzo the Magnificent's death in 1492.


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Model For The Facade Of San Lorenzo
Model For The Facade Of San Lorenzo

In 1515, shortly after assuming the papal throne, Leo X of the Medici family decided to visit Florence, where he proposed a competition to design a facade for San Lorenzo, a basilica patronized by the Medici. Michelangelo, along with other notable architects, participated in the contest. Initially assigned to supervise the sculptural decoration, Michelangelo eventually took charge of the architectural design as well. He faced the challenge of harmonizing the classical orders with the irregular facades of basilican churches. His innovative solution involved concealing the church's structure behind the grand facade of a private palace. Michelangelo's design underwent three phases, with the final drawing serving as the basis for the wooden model. Despite delays and changes in papal reign, the ambitious project was never completed.


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Two Wrestlers
Two Wrestlers

This terracotta sculpture, now unquestionably attributed to Michelangelo, holds a prominent place in the model collection at Casa Buonarroti. The first detailed mention of the artwork appears in the 1859 Casa Buonarroti inventory, created shortly after the Casa was made accessible to the public. The inventory, along with Angiolo Fabbrichesi's 1865 guide to the Casa, records four additional fragments, including two heads and an arm, alongside the model known as "Hercules and Cacus." These fragments were displayed together in the late-nineteenth century, as captured in a photograph by Brogi. It wasn't until 1926 that the restorer Enrico Massai reassembled the heads and arm, guided by Andrea Commodi's drawings. However, the missing right arm remains unresolved. The sculpture has been associated with a Medici commission for a large-scale Hercules and Cacus statue, but Wilde proposed a link to the tomb of Julius II. Another replica exists at the Victoria and Albert Museum, lacking the head and left arm.


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Nude From The Back
Nude From The Back

This well-known and widely-reproduced drawing from Casa Buonarroti is recognized as a study for the central group of bathing youths in the Battle of Cascina. The fresco was commissioned by the Florentine Signoria, competing with Leonardo's Battle of Anghiari for the Sala del Maggior Consiglio in Palazzo Vecchio. However, neither artwork was completed. In folio 613 E at the Uffizi, a sketch reveals the figure within the group of running men in the background on the left. A monochrome panel copy by Aristotele da Sangallo in 1542 suggests that Michelangelo later removed this figure. Wilde suggested a connection to ancient art, likening the composition to figures on a Roman sarcophagus depicting Hercules' labors. Michelangelo used the same sheet for notes and expenses related to his nephew Leonardo in 1528.


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Madonna And Child
Madonna And Child

This intriguing drawing, crafted through the unconventional method of gluing two paper sheets together, has been referred to as a "cartoon." However, it does not appear to serve as a preliminary sketch for any known work by Michelangelo or any artist associated with him. Nevertheless, it is fascinating to interpret this unique artwork, which stands apart from Michelangelo's usual drawing style, as a contemplation on the agonizing aspects of motherhood that hindered the establishment of a genuine bond with the child—a theme that deeply occupied the artist's mind.


Notably, the drawing initially depicted the Madonna's face in profile, with her eyes cast downward towards the child. This portrayal echoed a tradition of tender maternal love, which the artist, in various instances, rejected from his mentors, opting instead for a dramatic absence of connection. The current depiction of the mother presents a posture and expression completely detached from the infant at her breast, with a gaze that drifts towards a vision of future misfortunes.


From a psychological and thematic standpoint, this enigmatic gaze had already been explored by the young Michelangelo in the Madonna della scala. However, the idea evolved stylistically over time, culminating in the enigmatic Madonna in the New Sacristy, which shares undeniable resemblances with this drawing and affirms its proposed dating.


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Why Visit Casa Buonarroti?

Why Visit Casa Buonarroti?

Casa Buonarroti is a must-visit destination for art enthusiasts and history lovers alike. This historic house museum, located in Florence, Italy, holds great significance as it was once the residence of the renowned artist Michelangelo Buonarroti and his family. The museum provides a captivating glimpse into the life and works of this legendary Renaissance master.


Visitors to Casa Buonarroti have the opportunity to explore a vast collection of Michelangelo's artworks, including drawings, sculptures, and architectural designs. The museum showcases his artistic evolution, from his early sketches to his iconic masterpieces. It offers a unique chance to witness the creative process and delve into the mind of one of the greatest artists in history.


Beyond Michelangelo's art, Casa Buonarroti also preserves the family's personal belongings, offering insights into their daily lives and the historical context in which they lived. The museum's carefully curated exhibitions and informative displays provide a comprehensive understanding of Michelangelo's legacy and the cultural milieu of the Renaissance period.


Moreover, the architecture and ambiance of Casa Buonarroti transport visitors back in time, creating an immersive experience. The elegant rooms and meticulously preserved interiors add to the charm of the museum, enhancing the appreciation of Michelangelo's genius within the context of his own home.


Whether you are an art aficionado, a history buff, or simply curious about the life and works of Michelangelo, a visit to Casa Buonarroti promises an enriching and inspiring journey. It is a chance to witness firsthand the artistic brilliance and legacy of one of the most celebrated figures in human history.


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Know Before You Go Casa Buonarroti

Essential Information
How To Reach
Essential Information

Location: Casa Buonarroti is located in Florence, Italy, specifically at Via Ghibellina 70, near the city center. Its central location makes it easily accessible for visitors.


Timings: The museum operates with the following timings:


Monday: Closed

Tuesday to Sunday: 10:00 AM to 4:00 PM


Best Time to Visit: The best time to visit Casa Buonarroti largely depends on personal preference and avoiding crowds. Mornings and weekdays generally tend to be less crowded compared to afternoons and weekends. If you prefer a quieter and more relaxed experience, consider visiting during these off-peak hours.


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FAQ's

What is Casa Buonarroti?

    Casa Buonarroti is a museum located in Florence, Italy. It was the former residence of the famous artist Michelangelo Buonarroti and now serves as a museum dedicated to preserving his artworks and showcasing his life and legacy.

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How long does a typical visit to Casa Buonarroti take?

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